The Journal of Social Sciences Institute
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Year:2022 Volume: 1Issue: 55Area: Liberal arts

Tahir ZORKUL, Mihriban ERDEM
Search of Virtue in Erdemsizler �lkesi
 
Utopias are known as fictional, imaginary and ideal society representations.The desire of almost every human community to live in a country where justice prevails, in peace, without deprivation and evil, has led to the emergence of these representations.Of course, in the universe where good and evil are in constant conflict, it has been inevitable for these imaginary representations to take their share. In addition to the utopias in which the ideal social order is envisaged, the existence of dystopias, which are their antitheses, should not be denied.While utopias focus on the social designs that are desired; in dystopias, on the contrary, the criticism of imperfect societies predominates. This situation reminds us of the fact that every utopia work also contains its own dystopia. Similar examples of this genre can be found in Turkish literature,one of them is Yusuf Cifci'sErdemsizler�lkesi. The novel is a utopian work that also contains dystopic elements between the lines. In this novelthe answer to the question �What virtue is?� is tried to be revealed through the Alphabet society, whose individuals are composed of letters. In other words, the author tries to present to the attention of the reader how an ideal society should be, through what should not be. Based on this thought, the aim of this article is to analyze"virtue" in�ifci's work called "Erdemsizler�lkesi."

Keywords: Yusuf �ifci, Erdemsizler�lkesi, Utopia, Virtue, Alienation.



Erdem Aray���nda Erdemsizler �lkesi
 
�topyalar kurgulanm��, hayali ve ideal toplum tasar�mlar� olarak bilinmektedir. Hemen her insan toplulu�unun bar�� i�inde, adaletin h�k�m s�rd���; yoksunluklar�n, k�t�l�klerin olmad��� bir �lkede ya�ama arzusu, bu tasar�mlar�n do�mas�na �nayak olmu�ur. Elbette iyilik ve k�t�l���n s�rekli �eki�me halinde oldu�u evrende bu hayali tasar�mlar�n pay�na d��eni almas� da ka��n�lmaz olmu�tur. �deal toplum d�zeninin �ng�r�ld��� �topyalar�n yan� s�ra onlar�n antitezlerikonumundakidistopyalar�n varl���n� da yads�mamak gerekir. �topyalarda olmas� arzu edilentoplum tasar�mlar��zerinde durulurken;distopyalarda bunun aksine kusurlu toplumlar�n ele�tirisi a��r basar. Bu durum, her �topya yap�t�n�nayn� zamanda b�nyesindekendidistopyas�n� bar�nd�rd���ger�e�ini bizlere hat�rlat�r. T�rk edebiyat�nda benzer �rneklerine rastlanan bu tarz eserlerden biri de Yusuf �ifci�nin Erdemsizler �lkesi adl� eseridir. Eser, sat�r aralar�nda distopyas�n� da bar�nd�ran �topik biryap�tt�r. S�z konusu eserde �Erdem ne de�ildir?�sorusunun yan�t�, t�m bireyleri harflerden olu�an Alfabe toplumu �zerinden ortaya konulmaya �al���l�r.Di�er bir ifadeyleyazar, ideal bir toplumun nas�l olmas� gerekti�ini, olmamas� gerekenler �zerinden ele�tiri yollu okuyucunun dikkatine sunma yoluna gider. Bu d���nceden hareketlebu makalenin amac�n��ifci�nin�erdem� aray���mdaki Erdemsizler �lkesi adl� yap�t�n� �topya ba�lam�nda incelemek olu�turmaktad�r.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Yusuf �ifci, Erdemsizler �lkesi, �topya,Erdem,�tekile�tirme.



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