Y�z�nc� Y�l �niversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstit�s� Dergisi
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Umut PARLITI
TUR�ZM, ARKEOPARK VE REKREASYON PROJELER�N�N KIRSAL YERLE��ME KATKISI: AYAN�S �RNE��
 
Arkeolojik turizm, arkeolojik kal�nt�lar� koruma bilincini geli�tiren, ulusal ve yerel kaynaklar� ekonomik a��dan destekleyen, kazan� sa�layan bir sekt�rd�r. K�lt�r turizminin bir dal� olan s�z konusu sekt�r, arkeolojik sit alanlar�na, m�zelere, �ren yerlerine yap�lan turlarla, insanlara k�lt�rlerin geli�im s�recini ��reterek onlar�n k�lt�r seviyesini artt�rmaya yard�mc� olur. Arkeolojik turizmin rotalar�ndan biri olmas� gereken Van-Ayanis Kalesi �nemli bir Urartu Kalesi ve yerle�imi olup, �ren yeri olarak turizme kazand�r�lmas� gerekmektedir. Ayanis'in arkeolojik kal�nt�lar� Van G�l� Havzas� i�erisinde kalan Van ili Tu�ba il�esine ba�l� A�art� K�y�nde yer almaktad�r. 1989 y�l�nda kaz�lar�na ba�lanan kalede sonraki y�llar i�erisinde interdisipliner bir anlay�� i�erisinde �e�itli ara�t�rmac�lar taraf�ndan �al��malar y�r�t�lm��t�r. Orta Demir �a��n en �nemli uygarl�klar�ndan bir olan Urartular D�neminde yerle�meye sahne olan Ayanis'te hem krali yerle�imin hem de halka ait yerle�imin kal�nt�lar� a���a ��kart�lm��t�r. Yakla��k 2650 y�l �ncesine ait mek�nlar sistemli kaz�larla ortaya ��kart�ld�k�a Ayanis Kalesi, arkeolojik turizmin g�zerg�hlar�ndan biri haline gelmeye ba�lam��t�r. Ayanis Kalesi ve hemen kalenin alt�nda bulunan sahilin, g�ndelik ge�i� g�zerg�h� olmaktan ��kar�l�p, bilin�li ziyaret�ilerin konaklayabilece�i ve k�rsalda istihdam olanaklar�n�n artt�r�labilece�i bir duruma getirilmesi i�in acilen "Ayanis Kalesi ve �evresinde Turizm, Arkeopark ve Rekreasyon Projesi"nin hayata ge�irilmesi gerekmektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Ayanis, Arkeolojik Yerle�im, Turizm, Proje, �stihdam



The Contribution of Tourism, Archaeopark and Recreation Projects on the Rural Settlement: Example of AYANIS
 
Archeological tourism as one of the subtypes of cultural tourism, is a type of tourism that enhances the cultural level of the people by teaching the development process of the cultures through the archeological site and museums, raises the awareness of protecting archeological remains, and derives national and local economic profit. One of the routes for archeological tourism, Ayanis is an important Urartian fortress and city, and is located within the village of Ayanis/A�art�, district of Tu�ba, city of Van, which is situated within the Lake Van Region of the Eastern Anatolia. The first systematic excavations were commenced in 1989 and in the following years, a range of researchers have carried out studies in the fortress and lower town. Ayanis, being settled by the Urartians which are one of the most important civilizations of the Middle Iron Age, has presented houses dispersed onto the fortress in the past were raised up with the beginning of the systematic excavations. The village�s settlement area is currently located adjacent to the ancient settlement. As long as the ancient settlement and historical artifacts were unveiled, the site had become one of the routes of archeological tourism but it had remained as a by-pass route, so the rural settlement could not make adequate use of the tourism operations. However, the tourism took the major part in building the municipality organization in Ayanis settlement, developing the infrastructure facilities, and having enterprises intended for tourism available despite being limited. However, the problem with accommodation as one of the infrastructure services has not been solved yet. It is also thought that the �Ayanis Fortress and with in the areas Tourism and Recreation Project� planned for the fortress to make much use of the tourism facilities will take the site out of being just a by-pass route, and enable the visitors to accommodate, and also enhance the employment opportunities in settlement.

Keywords: Ayanis, Archeological Site, Tourism, Project, Employment.



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